Historical Fiction


“From a European perspective, intrepid explorers sailed across the Atlantic to discover a new world. From Native American viewpoints, Europeans came as predators.” (Weber 26) . There were many Native Americans affected by the expedition of the Europeans. There were the Tainos, the Incas, the Aztecs and the Mayans. In the Mayan tribe there was one person was there during the conquest and did not want to give in to the Europeans.   Necahual which also means survivor, did not want to leave behind his Mayan culture. “Luis de Velasco led a group that put the outsiders to death.” (Weber 54).  Necahual knew that if he and the rest of his tribe did not give up their Mayan culture they would be killed. Necahual did not want to give up believing in their corn god, Quetzal. He wanted his people to keep putting things into the Popol Vuh book where the memory of the Mayans will live forever. The Mayans had many ways to keep their tribe alive over the years, through their hieroglyphics and the calendar that they created. Necahual would hide when those white men dressed in so much weird clothing would come around. Necahual was only a teen at the time of the conquest and he could not believe what he was seeing. His grandfather that was known for growing the best maize and squash in the tribe was killed in their very own palpas which is what a Mayan home is called. Palpas were houses that had one rectangular room with rounded corners, no windows, and one central door built to face east. Sometimes there was another door that led to a second hut, used as both a kitchen and a chicken coup.  Necahual’s grandfather and many others that were killed received their farewell by the traditional Mayan dance that allowed their dead to enter the otherworld. Necahual knew that their civilization was large and powerful and he wanted all the kings in nearby Mayan city-states to come together and fight the Europeans.  Each Mayan city-state had their own king; that had a special relationship with the god, and Necahual felt that is they all came together they could beat the Europeans. Unfortunately, Necahual plan did not get around quick enough to beat the Europeans, but Necahual like a couple others found a way to survive and not die by the diseases and enslavement brought on them by the Europeans. Necahual was able to have a family and he stills has family member a live today, they can be found in many parts of the country. These mayan people that are still alive today identify themselves as being Mayan, not American or ever Spanish. The Mayan culture deveopled many different languages throughout the years, and Necahual’s descendants and many others still speak that language today. 

“It is important to keep in mind that pre-Hispanic symbols and styles in colonial art appear almost exclusively in the earliest years of the Conquest, when old traditions were most alive, and late on mainly at peripheral regions, areas beyond the colonial sphere of interest where indigenous culture remained the strongest.” (Bailey 78) Necahual really wanted to fight for their tribe to survive and in a way they kind of did because we still have some Mayans alive today, we have the arts such as the Hieroglyphic Stairway, wall paintings and carving that make the Mayans be remembered. 



Viva La Causa (2008)


Viva La Causa tells the story of a group of dedicated people from diverse classes, races and religions who stood together for justice. These people were people who had migrated to the United States from Mexico and the Philippines, and Chicanos. These were people who were not treated correctly in the workplace. They worked long hours in the fields without breaks, water, bathrooms, and not getting paid enough to provide for their families. The farm workers had nowhere to go to the bathroom, the women workers would cover each other with clothing as they would squat in the middle of the fields. These people started the United Farm Workers Union. They would stand by the fields, striking and yelling trying to get the attention of other farm workers and the land owners. Every time they got more people to strike and stop working on the fields, a new bus was brought in with new migrant workers. The migrant people would have to continue striking and getting these new workers to join them. They wanted to open the eyes of the new workers, and tell them it is not right for them to be treated the way and that they needed to fight for their rights. This went on for a very long time but they had to do something to get more attention and help. 

I would defiantly recommend this movie to other people. It is a great eye opener, not just by the fact that this really was the way that migrant workers were treated in the fields but the way that they fought for 5 years for something so important. I love the courage and passion that the people had,  and they were not going to take no for a answer.

The most important character in this movie is Cesar Chavez, he was the one that inspired the Chicano movement.


Chavez was the hero in the story that gathered and organized the people for a union of farmworker. Without money or anything he went talking to migrant workers one by one and gathered them, he opened their eyes and made them realize what they were living in the fields was not right. He started a boycott on the California grapes, he sent people to all different states to gather more people to boycott. The boycott gave results after a while and the California grape farms were affected. He got arrested, led marches and pilgrimages, went on a 25-day fast to prove to himself and others that this was a cause worth fighting. Nothing stopped him, he got enough attention on the union that his tactics lead to better wages and working conditions for farmworkers. He was a very strong and a great leader, this movie really shows how hard he worked and he pushed the others. 

I watched the older version, but a new Chavez movie has just came out and I bet it will be as good or better than this one! I really recommend it and trust me it will be a great eye opener. Made me feel like nothing could stop me get what I want, as long as I keep fighting.

Distance does not break a family.

1. What is your name and age?
My name is Gerardo Sanchez and I am 27.

2. What country do you come from?
I came from Mexico, that is where I was born.


3. What year did you come here and why?
I came here in the year 2005, I came here for a better life. I did not have the opportunities in Mexico that I have here. From here I can help my family.

4. Do you have any other family here is the United State?

I have one cousin in Georgia but I never see him, my brothers used to be here but they went back to Mexico.

5.  What is the biggest difference between the US and Mexico?

I feel that here there is more opportunities and a better life than I would in Mexico. There isn’t as much violence here as there is in Mexico. It is very hard to find a good job in Mexico.

6. What do you miss and don’t miss about your country?

I miss my family, they are very important to me. I don’t miss working so much for money that was not enough to even buy a pair of shoes.

7. What are some of the most memorable traditions or events from your country?

December 11 and 12 that is the day we celebrate La Virgin de Guadalupe. We use to sing las mannitas to la virgin, we would carry the La Virgin de Guadalupe from one part of the town to a church, this was a even that the whole community did together, everyone would sing and walk behind her.

8. Would you consider moving back to Mexico anytime in the future?

No, I would not like to live in Mexico again, I rather just go and visit my family as much as can.

9. What is the biggest benefit you feel you have from living here?

I was able to provide money to build my parents a common and comfortable house and give them a better life. I was also able to help my youngest brother finish high school and will hopefully help him go to college.

10. What have you learned from the American people and other people from different cultures that you have met?

I have learned that the American culture really give women and children a lot of respect  and are very protected by the laws which is very important, it should be something that Mexico should do. Well in Mexico they might protect women and children but it may only be in the big cities and it is not as much as here. Here in the US  animals are very protected and in Mexico you see an lost and hungry dog in the streets and not many would do anything. From my friends I have learned that my country is not the only one that is hard to live in, Honduras and El Salvador.

11. What is a stereotype that people have about Mexicans that you do not agree with?

The stereotype that people think it is very dangerous to travel to Mexico because they think it is all about drugs, stealing, death and abductions, and that is not what Mexico is all about.  It seems that on TV you only see the bad things that happen, they never put how  communities work together, all the traditions and celebrations that are shared. The true beauty of Mexico is not really shown on TV.

12. What is something that you have done here in the United States that you feel you would have never done in Mexico?

Being here i have been able to experience great vacations that I know I would have never been able to have done in Mexico. Going to water parks, amusement park, taking a ride on a ship down the shore, being able to help my family economically and seeing them happy.

13. Did you have a plan set for when you arrived here, like did you know where you were going to live or work?

No I did not have a plan set, all I knew was that my brother was here and I was in God’s hands to help me.

14.  What has been one of the hardest things to adapt to after migrating to a new country?

The hardest thing has been communicating with others, now I can a lot better but when I just arrived I felt tied up not being able to speak to anyone.

15. What is the best thing that has happened to you from coming to the US?

Meeting my girlfriend and having a steady job that has always allowed me to help my family out.


Recipe: Mole 

2 pounds of molcajeta

chile mulato

chile pasiya


1/4 teaspoon anise seeds

“Maria” Cookies




raisins and almonds

1 stick of cinnamon

pieces hard shell tortillas

coco powder and sugar






Hello Everyone!

              My name is Kimberly Bonilla, I am a sophomore here, and my major is Biology. My future goal is to get into a Physician Assistant Program. I may have been born here, but my parents are from Costa Rica, my boyfriend is Mexican and I have many friends from all different parts of Central and South America. Therefore, I have experienced many different types of salsas from many different places, I am defiantly not one to like hot spicy salsas, or salsas with weird colors, like green or brown. My favorite salsa from all the different ones that I have tasted is nice and simple, Salsa Rosada, or Pink Sauce. Like me this salsa is nice a simple, just ketchup, mayo, lime juice and a little salt. This is a salsa is one that was introduced to me at a very young age and I still have not met a salsa to beat it. I feel that it relates to me because it is simple and smooth, I like to keep my life as smooth as possible; I know sometimes there are bumps along the road but nothing impossible. I know this salsa is so simple, but it taste great with my fries 🙂

    I have danced salsa before, it is not one of my favorites but I have danced it at parties.  A salsa song the represents me is “La Vida Es un Carnaval”  by Celia Cruz. “Life is a Carnival” is the translation to the title. This song talks about life how it can seem hard sometimes but it will just pass. This is song is a good cheer up song for when one is having a bad day.


“Todo aquel que piense que está solo y que está mal
Tiene que saber que no es así
Que en la vida no hay nadie solo, siempre hay alguien”


“Anyone thinking he’s alone and that that’s bad
Needs to know that’s not the case,
that in life no one is alone, there is always someone”

These lyrics represent me because there are some hard times when I feel alone, but I know that thankfully in my life I am never alone, I have a great family and a awesome boyfriend that are always there for me.

Link to the source: http://lyricstranslate.com/en/la-vida-es-un-carnaval-life-carnival-celia-cruz-life-carnival.html#ixzz2sUGXq9gi

http://www.mycolombianrecipes.com/salsa-rosada-or-salsa-golf (Recipe)